The university’s impact on the environment and people’s health is controlled not least by the Swedish Environmental Code (1998:808). The university has a duty to report our laboratory part of the organisation and is hence also covered by the ordinance on self-checks, Förordningen om verksamhetsutövarens egenkontroll (1998:901).
The Environmental Code includes some overall principles for all organisations that can have an impact on the environment and people's health:
The burden of proof principle means that operators must demonstrate that their operations adhere to the rules of consideration.
The knowledge requirement principle means that anyone who pursues an activity must possess the knowledge necessary in view of protecting human health and nature from harm or inconvenience. This includes investigating the impact of a certain activity on the environment beforehand.
The precautionary principles consist of three principles
- The precautionary principle in the Swedish Environmental Code involves taking measures to prevent risks of negative environmental impact.
- The Polluter Pays Principle (PPP) means that the person or activity that causes an environmental impact must pay for necessary preventive or remedial measures.
- The best possible technology principle means that the best possible technology and construction from an environmental point of view must be used if possible and feasible.
The product choice principle means that chemical products and biotechnical organisms that may involve hazards to human health or the environment are to be replaced by other, less dangerous products, if possible.
The resource management and ecocycle principles mean that an operation must be undertaken in such a way as to ensure
- efficient use of raw materials and energy
- minimisation of consumption and waste
- primary use of renewable energy sources.
The appropriate location principle means that the site for the operations must be appropriate to minimise the impacts on human health and the environment.
The reasonableness principle means that all the rules of consideration are to be applied in the light of benefits and costs. Environmental considerations cannot involve unreasonable expense. The so-called stopping rule is applicable if the costs of environmentally necessary precautionary measures are too high.
The rule that the responsible operator has an obligation to remedy damage means that the person or organisation must carry out the measures needed to remedy damage or detriment.