Marking

There are several rules for labelling and signage of substances, products, premises and piping where hazardous substances are stored, handled, or flow.

Containers with pure chemical substances

must (as of 1 December 2010) be marked in accordance with CLP and its applicable classification. The labelling shall indicate the hazard pictogram, the signal word "Fara/Varning" (Danger/Warning), the hazard statement, the protection information, any additional contents, the name and contact information of the supplier, and the amount. The safety data sheet must also contain the marking in accordance with CLP.

Containers with chemical mixtures

must (as of 1 June 2015) be labelled i) entirely in accordance with CLP and its applicable classification, or ii) with the name of the product and the applicable hazard pictogram according to CLP, and – where such is the case – the text 'may cause cancer', 'may trigger allergies", "may damage genetic make-up" or "may disrupt reproduction". Safety data sheets must contain all information on correct labelling according to CLP.

For containers with mixtures that were already purchased, an older KiFS 2005:7-approved labelling must remain until 1 June 2019, but if a substance or a mixture has obtained a new classification with CLP entering into force, it must be relabelled. For mixtures that are to be sold further on, there is an exception for those already put onto the market, in which an older approved KiFS label can be retained up until 1 June 2017, provided that the classification has not changed. As of 1 June 2015, newly-produced mixtures prepared or manufactured as part of VLL (e.g. at TBK) must be labelled in accordance with CLP.

The labelling must be clear. The signal word "fara" (danger) entails a greater risk than the signal word "warning" and should be chosen first. The information must be in Swedish, and in several languages if so required. There are exceptions for small packages, less than 125 ml, and in connection with short-term handling where it is obvious what a container holds.

Storage locations

Premises where chemical products and gas cylinders are stored must also be labelled with the red-and-white hazard pictogram (in accordance with CLP) if it is of importance for security. Older black-and-yellow warning signs can be retained up through 1 June 2019 if the symbol is the same as in CLP. Containers or gas cylinders where the hazard classification is H280 or H281, and otherwise non-hazardous gases with overpressure of at least 200 kPa (2 Bar), however, must be (re)labelled with the new hazard pictogram. If there is already a hazard pictogram for 'inflammable' or 'poisonous', the hazard pictogram for 'gas under pressure' is not needed.

The older, black-and-yellow warning signs, on the other hand, must continued to be used in storing and handling sources of infection (risk classes 2–4), sources of radiation (radioactive, non-ionising) and lasers (see pictures below).

Piping

Visible piping through which hazardous chemical products (liquids, gases) flow must be labelled with hazard pictograms, the name of the product and an arrow for the direction of flow. It is also suitable that the pipes have colour labelling in accordance with SS 741. For piping that is not correctly labelled by 1 June 2017 at the latest, an administrative penalty may be demanded (SEK 150,000 for the workplace with more than 500 employees).

Other types of signs

Other types of signs may be necessary within laboratory operations – for example, mandatory signs, emergency signs, and signs showing where fire equipment and first aid supplies are located.

Contact information

Ulrika Moström
Environmental coordinator
+46 90 786 73 63
ulrika.mostrom@umu.se 

Ulrika Moström
9/23/2020